Modern Antennas in Wireless Telecommunications ECE753

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: satantenna


Term Offered:

Fall, 2022



Lectures start on Sep. 8, 2022



Prof. Natalia K. Nikolova

ITB-A 308, ext. 27141

e-mail: nikolova [at] ieee [dot] org




Prerequisite #1:

ElecEng 2FH3 ELECTROMAGNETICS I (Electrostatics and Magnetostatics)


ElecEng 3FK4 ELECTROMAGNETICS II (Fields and Waves)

Prerequisite #2:




Time Table:



Office hours:


Design Projects:


THURSDAY 12:00 pm to 3:00 pm, rm. ITB-A308

Friday 2 pm to 3 pm

Every week (details during lectures)

Due end of term (details during lectures)


Course Description:


Objectives and Outline: The course provides the fundamentals in the theory and practice of antenna design and the antenna deployment in the modern wireless telecommunication systems. The theory of electromagnetic radiation is introduced and the fundamental antenna parameters are explained. Basic antenna measurement techniques are introduced and practiced in an 8-hour laboratory session. Classical radiating elements are studied: dipoles/monopoles, loops, apertures, horns, reflectors, microstrip and slot elements, etc. Matching techniques are presented. The principles of analysis and design of antenna arrays are discussed. Special attention is paid to antennas popular in mobile (cellular, satellite) telecommunications. The fundamental limitations of electrically small antennas as well as the principles of smart antennas are briefly introduced through seminar sessions.


Lecture Plan:

1.     Introduction into antenna theory and practice

2.     Radiation integrals and auxiliary potential functions; basic EM theorems in antenna problems

3.     Fundamental antenna parameters

4.     Antenna measurements

5.     Infinitesimal dipole; wire and loop radiating elements

6.     Wire antennas dipoles, monopoles

7.     Arrays analysis and design

8.     Printed antennas

9.     Reflector antennas

10. Horn antennas


11. Fundamental limitations of electrically small antennas



Recommended texts:

Lecture notes (distributed in class and available for download)


Additional resources:

1.   C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory, Analysis and Design, 3rd ed., Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.

2.   A. Z. Elsherbeni, P. Nayeri, and C. J. Reddy, Antenna Analysis and Design Using FEKO Electromagnetic Simulation Software, Scitech, 2014.

3.   L. V. Blake and M. W. Long, Antennas, 3rd ed., Scitech, 2009.

4.   A. Z. Elsherbeni and M. J. Inman, Antenna Design & Visualization Using MATLAB. Scitech, 2006.

5.   J. D. Kraus and R. J. Marhefka, Antennas (for all Applications), 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill, 2002. (previous editions authored by Kraus alone are fine, too).

6.   W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, 2nd ed. Wiley, 1998.

7.   R. S. Elliot, Antenna Theory and Design, A Classical Reissue. IEEE Press, 2003.

8.   V. Fusco, Foundations of Antenna Theory and Techniques, Pearson, 2008.


On propagation:

1.    R. E. Collin, Antennas and Radiowave Propagation. McGraw-Hill, 1985.

2.    K. Siwiak, Radiowave Propagation and Antennas for Personal Communications, 2nd ed. Artech House, 1998.

3.    J. Doble, Introduction to Radio Propagation for Fixed and Mobile Communications. Artech House, 1996.


On smart antennas:

1.    T. K. Sarkar, M. C. Wicks, M. Salazar-Palma, R. J. Bonneau, Smart Antennas. Wiley, 2003.

2.    G. T. Okamoto, Smart Antenna Systems and Wireless LANs, Kluwer, 1999.






Weekly assignments






Current Lecture Notes (individual lectures)

Lecture Notes Collection (full collection)


Project Collection


IEEE Standard Definitions of Terms for Antennas

Some animations

Software from R.A. Sainati, CAD of Microstrip Antennas for Wireless Applications, Artech, 1996

Software from C.A. Balanis, Antenna Theory, Analysis and Design, 3rd ed., Wiley, 2005

Free student version of FEKO EM software available for download at



Reminder on Academic Dishonesty Policy:

Academic dishonesty consists of misrepresentation by deception or by other fraudulent means and can result in serious consequences, e.g., the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various kinds of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, specifically Appendix 3, located at

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

         Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one's own or for which other credit has been obtained.

         Improper collaboration in group work.

         Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.



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